The hottest IC calls for the expansion of the tale

2022-08-12
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Integrated circuits call for the expansion of China's "core" talent gap

recently, the technicians of Fujian Jinhua memory integrated circuit production line project were debugging the "four remote" equipment of the 20 kV outgoing intelligent substation on the low voltage side. Photographed by song Weiwei of Xinhua news agency, integrated circuits are the cornerstone of the information industry. The variety and quantity of integrated circuits produced by our country are far from meeting the demand. It is urgent to break through the core technology, realize independent control, and create Chinese "cores". In this process, the supplement of talents has become the key to industrial development. As the talent gap of integrated circuits is expected to reach 300000 to 500000 by 2030, attracting, cultivating and retaining talents has become a difficult point for industrial development to break through -

"compared with the rapidly developing, huge and diversified market demand, the variety and quantity of integrated circuits produced by China are far from meeting the demand, and many core devices are difficult to get rid of the situation of being controlled by others." Recently, at the "strategic forum for the development of China's integrated circuit industry in the new era" hosted by the China Association for science and technology and the China Electronic Information Industry Federation, Wang Yangyuan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and professor of Peking University, said that China must make full use of the growing market resources and gradually integrate with the world in terms of industrial mechanism, capital investment, market development and talent cultivation

the industrial scale has doubled in five years

"in the past, almost no chip in all USB flash drives was made by ourselves." Yang shining, President of Changjiang Storage Technology Co., Ltd., said that the company successfully developed China's first 32-layer three-dimensional NAND flash memory chip in 2017, achieving a breakthrough of "zero" in China's memory chip, and will achieve mass production in the fourth quarter of this year

in the memory field, China used to rely almost entirely on imports, and the breakthrough made by Changjiang storage has filled this technological gap for China. Since China launched the major national science and technology project in 2008, the high-end manufacturing equipment of integrated circuits has developed from nothing to base metal special electronic paste technology, and the manufacturing and packaging integration process has changed from weak to strong, constantly filling the gap, and the industry has entered the fast lane of innovation and development

according to statistics, the sales volume of China's integrated circuit industry increased from 250.85 billion yuan in 2013 to 54.13 billion yuan in 2017, doubling in five years; In 2017, the growth rate reached 24.8%, realizing the growth of more than 20% in the three branches of design, manufacturing and packaging for the first time

"after years of development, China's integrated circuit industry has established a relatively complete technical system, the cultivation and layout of the industrial chain have been basically completed, and its strength in various fields such as design, manufacturing, packaging testing and supporting support has been continuously enhanced." Said Ye Tianchun, director of the Institute of microelectronics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Wang Yangyuan introduced that now China can design and manufacture high-end chips with 7Nm advanced technology, some special equipment for integrated circuits have been successfully applied at home and abroad, and a number of original innovative achievements of international level have been obtained in the fields of low-power devices, new structure devices and design methodology. 5 Continuous improvement

a large number of imports are still needed every year

since 2006, integrated circuit products have surpassed oil to become the largest imported products in China; Since 2013, the annual import volume of China's integrated circuit products has exceeded US $200billion

Qu Weizhi, executive vice president of the China Electronic Information Industry Federation, pointed out that the huge deficit stems from the high degree of dependence on foreign countries of China's medium and high-end integrated circuit products. 32% of key materials are still blank in China, and key equipment, components and technologies are controlled by others. For example, ordinary carbon structural steel

at present, China has become the world's largest integrated circuit consumer market. In 2016, the scale of China's integrated circuit market exceeded US $181.1 billion, accounting for more than 54% of the global market. "Although the market is huge, China's integrated circuit industry is still large but not strong, mainstream products are still concentrated in the middle and low end, and the degree of independent control is still not enough." Qu Weizhi said

"breaking through core technologies, achieving self-control and getting rid of the passive situation of being controlled by others are major strategic issues that must be solved for the development of China's integrated circuit industry." Ye Tianchun said that how to realize the transformation of "substitution innovation leading" is the main task of the next stage; The "three chain integration" of industrial chain, innovation chain and financial chain is inevitable. These high-molecular chains are naturally curled in the toothpaste tube. China needs a more professional investment and financing platform and the loosest credit policy support

Wei Shaojun, director of the Department of microelectronics and nanoelectronics at Tsinghua University, said that the development of the integrated circuit industry requires a deep technical foundation and long-term accumulation. However, the investment and design capability of China's integrated circuit industry are not synchronized, which is a problem that needs attention

the talent gap continues to expand

"by 2020, China's integrated circuit industry needs 300000 technical personnel. At present, the talent stock is only 125000, and we are facing a talent gap of 175000." Wang Yangyuan pointed out that China's semiconductor industry has always faced the problem of talent shortage. It is estimated that by 2030, the talent gap in the integrated circuit industry will reach 300000 to 500000 people, and the phenomenon of "talent shortage" is serious

the development elements of the integrated circuit industry include policy, capital, market, talents and technology, especially requiring intensive and sustained capital investment. Since the establishment of the national integrated circuit industry investment fund, capital has become increasingly active, but the key lies in talent

"we must attract, cultivate and retain talents, especially pay attention to the cultivation of leading talents." Wang Yangyuan stressed that the shortage of talents is the biggest obstacle restricting the development of China's integrated circuit industry at present. It is difficult to completely solve the problem by talent introduction. In the final analysis, we still need to continuously cultivate talents by ourselves. Therefore, we must deepen the reform of the existing talent evaluation system, discipline distribution, teaching staff construction, curriculum system, talent team construction and other aspects

"microelectronics should be upgraded to a first-class discipline and the enrollment quota should be increased. At the same time, talent training should be combined with industrial needs, and enterprises should start to intervene from the talent training stage. Only in this way can resources be better allocated." Wang Yangyuan said

"both basic research and technology research and development need long-term investment, and talent training needs special attention." Huang Ru, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Dean of the school of information science and technology of Peking University, said that under the current talent training system, it is urgent to establish a first-class discipline of microelectronics. "We should establish an efficient industry university research linkage mechanism in stages and levels, explore and solve the basic problems involved in recent industrial technology, explore and reserve the future technological frontier, solve the 'last mile' problem of achievement transformation, and establish talent training bases at different levels to create a good ecosystem for the development of the integrated circuit industry."

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